Rhodium Metal And Alloys
In its elemental form, rhodium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Elemental RhodiumRhodium is a member of the platinum group of metals. It has a higher melting point than platinum, but a lower density. Rhodium is found in ores mixed with other metals such as palladium, silver, platinum, and gold. One of the rarest metals on earth (abundance of 2 x 10⁻⁴ ppm), rhodium does not appear naturally, tending to be found with other platinum group metals. It is a hard, lustrous, silvery coloured metal which is stable in air. Rhodium is inert to all acids but is attacked by fused alkalis. The metal has high thermal and electrical conductivities and is alloyed with platinum to form the positive wire of a Pt/Rh - Pt thermocouple. Other applications of the material include its use as a plating material (to provide a hard and bright surface which is resistant to oxidation), as a catalyst and also as an alloying element, where it improves the hardness of the resulting alloy. Rhodium is primarily used as the catalyst in the three-way catalytic converters of automobiles it is also highly valued in jewelry.